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Travellers Diarrhoea: The Symptoms and Causes

Posted Tuesday 14 July 2020 12:37 by in Travellers Diarrhoea by Harman Bhamra

Amazing experiences are always around the corner when you travel to a foreign country. From the interesting people and incredible views right through to exotic foods and drinks; there’s always something remarkable to discover. However, with foreign experiences comes foreign reactions - typically in the form of travellers diarrhoea.

This guide will take you through the symptoms and causes of travellers diarrhoea so that you can feel fully prepared in the unfortunate situation of experiencing it.

What Is Travellers Diarrhoea?

If you find yourself asking: ‘is it normal to have diarrhoea when travelling?’, then we’re guessing you’ve encountered an incredibly uncomfortable situation that is stopping you from enjoying yourself. And, unfortunately, the answer is yes: it is normal to have diarrhoea when travelling. It goes by the name of Travellers Diarrhoea.

While it’s not a serious condition, travellers' diarrhoea can leave you with incredibly loose stools and, occasionally, abdominal cramps. You are likely to develop it when your body isn’t used to the change in climate or sanitisation that the country you’re visiting has to offer.

Symptoms Of Travellers Diarrhoea

The symptoms of travellers' diarrhoea are fairly obvious, making it easy to establish why you might have fallen ill. The following symptoms typically last for 1 to 2 days and will either occur while on your trip or soon after you get home:

  • Having to pass loose stools 3+ times a day
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Constant feeling of needing the toilet

In more severe cases, some people experience:

  • Vomiting
  • High fever
  • Nausea
  • Bloody stools

If you seem to be experiencing severe symptoms and they don’t ease off after a few days, it is recommended to visit your doctor for further assistance.

Causes Of Travellers Diarrhoea

As mentioned previously, travellers' diarrhoea is caused when your body isn’t used to the climate or sanitary conditions in another country. In most cases, you will develop travellers' diarrhoea when consuming contaminated food or drinking contaminated water.

While the idea of putting contaminated food and water into your body might seem like a scary thought, this is not a life or death situation and your body will recover. Travellers diarrhoea is an unpleasant experience, but not a damaging one.

How To Prevent Travellers Diarrhoea

It’s not easy to know whether you’re putting contaminated foods into your body, but luckily, there are many ways to prevent travellers' diarrhoea. The following tips are important to keep in mind so that you can enjoy your trip without any distractions.

Don’t Drink Tap Water: It’s all too easy to drink tap water when you need hydrating, but such a simple action can result in the dreaded traveller’s diarrhoea. Instead of drinking unsterilised water, drink from bottles instead. Make sure that you don’t consume any water when showering, either. If you can’t access bottled water, be sure to boil the tap water for 3 minutes before consuming. This will help to kill off any bacteria.

Say No To Ice: Ice is often made out of unsterilised water, meaning it should be avoided at all costs. Get into the habit of asking for drinks without ice when abroad.

Think About Your Food: As tempting as it may be, avoid buying food from street vendors. The food given at these vendors has often been sitting around for long periods of time, making them a feeding ground for bacteria. Instead, only eat hot foods that are served from reputable sources. If you are cooking your food yourself, stick to things that you can peel and boil.

Pack Tablets: Travellers diarrhoea can sometimes be unavoidable, making it all the more important to pack medication that will treat it as quickly as possible. The most popular travellers' diarrhoea treatments are Ciprofloxacin and Azithromycin; both as to which are available at Express Pharmacy.

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How Does Weight Gain Affect My Health?

Posted Friday 10 July 2020 15:46 by in Weight loss by Harman Bhamra

Being overweight or obese can bring a lot of problems to the table; from mental health issues related to low confidence right through to serious health problems that can be life-threatening.

It’s extremely important to understand how weight gain will affect your health in order to ensure that you keep up with a healthy lifestyle. Within this guide, we will be taking you through the relationship between health problems and weight gain. We will also explore plans of action for achieving a healthier, happier weight.

The Relationship Between Health Problems and Weight Gain

Unfortunately, being overweight or obese can cause several health problems. While results are likely to vary between individuals, the following health problems are known to be the most common and severe.

Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal. Some people suffer from type 2 diabetes as a result of hereditary, but for many people, it occurs as a result of excessive weight around the waist and an unhealthy lifestyle. To put this into perspective, over 85% of adults with diabetes are overweight or obese.

Through losing weight, you are at a better chance of delaying or preventing diabetes altogether. You will gain back control of your body, keeping blood sugar levels at a healthy point and eliminating the risk of a fatal incident from happening.

Cancer: Perhaps one of the scariest parts about weight gain is developing a higher risk rate of getting cancer. It has been found that those who are overweight are more likely to develop breast, colon, gallbladder and kidney cancer in particular. While it is still uncertain as to what exactly encourages the growth of cancer cells, many experts believe that it's due to too many fat cells releasing hormones and affecting cell growth.

High Blood Pressure: High blood pressure occurs when the blood pumping through your arteries pushes too hard against the artery walls. As your body is larger when overweight, your heart needs to work harder to pump blood around, resulting in added pressure.

In a worst-case scenario, high blood pressure can result in heart disease or kidney failure. You may even suffer from a stroke. This is why it is all the more important to maintain - or achieve - a healthy weight to ensure that your heart is never overworking.

One of the easiest ways to reduce blood pressure levels is by monitoring your diet. Cutting out salty foods in conjunction with exercising frequently will be sure to contribute positively.

Heart Disease: Heart disease is an umbrella term for a whole range of issues that can affect your heart. Having high blood pressure and high cholesterol (which are both health issues encouraged by weight gain) can lead to heart disease. If untreated, heart disease can result in a heart attack, heart failure, cardiac arrest and so on. Losing weight will help your body to pump blood more easily, preventing such a disease from occurring.

Fatty Liver Disease: If you can’t tell by the name, fatty liver disease is a problem that occurs when too much fat builds up inside the liver. This type of issue can result in severe liver damage or liver failure. Everyone who is diagnosed with fatty liver disease is encouraged to reduce their body weight in an attempt to lower the quantity of fat in the liver.

What Causes Weight Gain?

So - what causes weight gain? Each body is different, and while some people can eat for England without putting on weight, others have a hard time maintaining a healthy BMI. The main causes of weight gain include:

  • Genetics - this usually determines how easily you gain/maintain weight
  • Medication - some medications (eg: antidepressants) have a side effect of weight gain
  • Poor diet - overeating on fatty and sugary foods
  • Alcohol
  • Misinformation - a lack of understanding surrounding nutritious diets

How To Find Out If You Are Overweight

One of the easiest ways to establish whether you are overweight or not is by measuring your BMI. Your body mass index (BMI) is worked out by taking some basic information about height, weight and age. From here, your BMI is placed onto a chart to establish whether you are underweight, at a healthy weight, overweight or obese. These guidelines are as follows:

  • Healthy weight: BMI ranging from 18.5 to 24.9
  • Overweight: BMI ranging from 25 to 29.9
  • Obese: BMI of 30 and above

You can use a BMI calculator to find out more.

How To Lose Weight: Minimising The Risk Of Developing Health Problems

If you are classified as obese or overweight, it is advised to lose around 5% of your weight to lower your risk of developing health problems.

To lose weight healthily, it is advised to lose around 1-2lbs per week. This can be achieved through a combination of techniques, revolving around:

Eating Healthily: Through eating regular meals, plenty of fruit and vegetables and cutting back on snacking, you’re at a higher chance of experiencing weight loss. Resist junk food and replace it with high fibre alternatives, instead. Don’t forget to drink plenty of water too!

Exercising: Alongside eating healthily, exercising regularly is a huge contributor to healthy weight loss. It is advised to complete around 150 minutes of moderate activity per week to promote weight loss.

Taking Supplements: If you are eating healthily and exercising regularly yet still struggling to shed the pounds, your doctor may recommend weight loss pills. These pills are used alongside the above methods to speed up weight loss and get you back to a healthy weight. However, to ensure that you aren’t harming your body, never take weight loss pills that aren’t supplied by an accredited doctor or pharmacy.

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What Does Period Pain Feel Like?

Posted Thursday 09 July 2020 11:55 by in Period Pain Medication by Harman Bhamra

Menstrual cramps - often referred to more generally as period pain - typically occur before and during a period. While some women have little to no experience with period pain, others suffer for days on end with an uncomfort that makes normal tasks seem impossible.

While everyone has a different experience with period pain, there are sometimes a few telltale signs which suggest why some women suffer more than others. Within this guide, we will be exploring exactly what period pain feels like, as well as its causes and popular pain relief treatments.

Common Symptoms Of Period Pain: What Does It Feel Like?

So - how do you know if it's period pain and not something else? The first obvious sign is when you start to experience cramping pains in your lower abdomen around 1 to 3 days before your period is due. These cramps can sometimes feel like a throbbing sensation that can travel to your lower back and thighs, too.

If you’re familiar with your menstrual cycle, then it’s likely that you’ll notice the pain easing off a few days into your period. However, it’s important to remember that every woman is different; some may experience quick bouts of cramps, whereas others may have to endure the pain for days on end.

To round this up, common symptoms of period pain include:

  • Cramping in the lower abdomen
  • Aches and pains in the lower back and thighs
  • Higher levels of discomfort 1 to 3 days before your period

Severe Symptoms Of Period Pain

Severe symptoms of period pain typically refer to experiencing the above common symptoms for long durations without getting any relief. However, period pain doesn’t always just cause cramping, and more disruptive symptoms include:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea

If you find that your period pain is getting worse and starting to disrupt your everyday life, it is highly recommended to see your GP. This also applies to those who are over the age of 25 and experiencing severe menstrual cramps for the first time.

What Causes Period Pain?

Menstrual cramps tend to occur thanks to the contractions that are triggered by hormone-like substances called prostaglandins. The higher level of prostaglandins you have, the more severe cramps you’ll experience. Although this might seem like a nuisance, the contractions are important as they help your uterus to shed its lining (which is what causes bleeding during a period).

While not everyone will have a definite cause for their period pain, the following medical conditions are known for causing severe menstrual cramps:

Endometriosis: This is a condition that is diagnosed when your uterus’ tissue lining sits outside of it. In most common cases, this tissue sits on your ovaries or fallopian tubes instead. You can learn more about this here.

Cervical Stenosis: If you have Cervical Stenosis, the opening of your cervix may be smaller than normal. This disrupts your menstrual flow, resulting in added amounts of pressure and therefore more pain.

Fibroids: Fibroids are noncancerous growths that can develop in the walls of your uterus. These growths can vary in size, and the pain is usually determined by how large they are and where they are located.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: PID is diagnosed when you have an infection in the female reproductive organs. In most cases, it occurs from sexually transmitted infections like chlamydia.

How To Manage Period Pain

Period pain of any type can be extremely frustrating to deal with; especially if you have a busy schedule and would rather not have to take time out. Luckily, there are many different types of period pain relief to benefit from; all as to which take immediate effect. You can shop for period pain relief right here at Express Pharmacy and have your medication delivered to your doorstep in a matter of days.

Other ways to manage period pain include:

  • Exercising regularly
  • Reducing stress triggers
  • Using heating pads or hot water bottles
  • Taking a hot bath

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What Are the Signs and Symptoms of HIV?

Posted Tuesday 30 June 2020 11:20 by in Express Pharmacy by Harman Bhamra

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a type of virus that attacks the cells - specifically the CD4 T cells - of your immune system. As more and more CD4 cells are killed by the virus, your body gradually loses the ability to fight off diseases and infections.

Currently, there is no cure for HIV. Once you get it, you have it for life. There are, however, some antiretroviral therapy treatments available to control the spread of HIV but early detection is key.

So, what are the signs and symptoms of HIV? Read on to find out.

How Do You Get HIV?

HIV was first identified in 1981. It’s one of humanity’s most persistent diseases, and it can be deadly too. Because there’s no cure or vaccine available for the virus, not getting infected should be your number one priority.

HIV is transmitted through direct contact with certain body fluids of an infected person. These fluids include blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. You can only acquire HIV if these fluids get into your bloodstream through open cuts, direct injection, or through the mucus membrane found at the tip of the penis, mouth, vagina, and rectum.

In the UK, the most common way of transmitting HIV from one person to another involves:

  • Anal or vaginal sex with a HIV positive person without wearing a condom or taking HIV medicine. Compared to vaginal sex, anal sex is riskier.
  • Sharing injections with someone who has HIV.

The less common ways:

  • Mother-to-child transmission through pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding.
  • Getting stuck with a HIV-contaminated needle (commonly for health care workers).

In extremely rare cases, HIV may also be transmitted by:

  • Oral sex
  • Blood transfusion, organ or tissue transplant
  • Contact between broken skin or wounds

What Are The Symptoms Of HIV?

HIV symptoms vary from one person to another. Upon infection, it usually takes 2-4 weeks before you can feel any symptoms of HIV. According to studies, about 80% of infected individuals will have flu-like symptoms. HIV symptoms may take years to appear.

The virus infects the body in stages. For clarity, we will list down the signs and symptoms of HIV according to the stage the virus is in.

HIV symptoms in men

Around 80% of HIV cases are men. The virus is more prevalent among men who engage in sexual practices with men (gay men and bisexuals). HIV is also racially common among black heterosexual men.

Stage Symptoms
Acute (new infection)

Common Symptoms:

  • Skin rash
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Severe headaches

Less Common Symptoms:

  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Night sweat
  • Joint pain and muscle aches
  • Ulcers in the mouth
  • Ulcers on the genitals
  • Vomiting
Asymptomatic or Dormant During this stage, the symptoms of HIV disappear. The virus may remain dormant for months or even years. During this stage, the virus is still actively replicating and attacking your immune cells and can still be transmitted to others.

AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)

Advanced stage of infection

Depending on the person, it may take months or years for HIV to enter its advanced stage. During this stage, the damage caused by the virus to your immune system is beyond repair, leaving you more susceptible to opportunistic illnesses and infections.

Symptoms of men with AIDS include:

  • Persistent diarrhoea
  • Vomiting
  • Memory loss, confusion
  • Coughing
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Recurring fevers, chills, night sweats
  • Shortness of breath
  • Ulcers or sores in the mouth or on the genitals
  • Persistent swelling of lymph nodes

HIV symptoms in women

Most women get HIV from their male partners while others get infected through intravenous drug use.

Stage Symptoms
Acute (new infection)

Common Symptoms:

  • Skin rash
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Severe headaches

Less Common Symptoms:

  • Nausea
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Fatigue
  • Night sweat
  • Joint pain and muscle aches
  • Ulcers in the mouth
  • Vaginal infections (yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis, etc.)
  • Vomiting
Asymptomatic or Dormant During this stage, the symptoms of HIV disappear. The virus may remain dormant for months or years. During this stage, the virus is still actively replicating and attacking your immune cells and can still be transmitted to others.

AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)

Advanced stage of infection

Depending on the person, it may take months or years for HIV to enter its advanced stage. During this stage, the damage caused by the virus to your immune system is beyond repair, leaving you more susceptible to opportunistic illnesses and infections.

Symptoms of men with AIDS include:

  • Persistent diarrhoea
  • Vomiting
  • Memory loss, confusion
  • Coughing
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Recurring fevers, chills, night sweats
  • Shortness of breath
  • Ulcers or sores in the mouth
  • Vaginal infections (yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis, etc.)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Persistent swelling of lymph nodes
  • Changes in your menstrual cycle
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) which can cause genital warts and cervical cancer is left untreated

Testing For HIV

HIV symptoms may take months or years to appear and you can easily mistake them for the flu. The best and only way to know if you are infected with HIV is to get yourself tested. Knowing your status means you can take precautionary measures to keep you and your sexual partners healthy.

Early diagnosis also gives you access to several HIV medicines which help control the virus in your body so you can live a long, healthy, and happy life.

Get yourself tested for HIV if:

  • You have had unprotected sex
  • You have multiple sex partners
  • You share needles
  • You’ve been diagnosed with a sexually transmitted illness
  • You are worried about your status

You can get a HIV testing kit from Express Pharmacy which will be delivered discreetly to your doorstep. Our testing kits are 99.7% accurate and you’ll get your results within minutes.

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Study Reveals the Nations Sordid Lockdown Search History

Posted Friday 26 June 2020 11:51 by in Express Pharmacy by Harman Bhamra

A recent study conducted by Express Pharmacy showcased some seriously sordid Google search volume change since lockdown took hold.

Key National insights

  • In May 2020, Searches for “Pornhub” grew by 50% year on year.

  • Interest in specific positions grew, with each term growing by at least 49% year on year, with examples like: “reverse cowgirl” - up 233%, “missionary” - up 234% and “doggy style” - up 120%.

  • Sex toys remained front of mind for many, with search volumes growing from 110,000 in May 2019, to 246,000 in May 2020, a whopping 123% growth year on year.
  • Some decided nudes didn’t count during lockdown and searches reflected that, with search demand up 175% for “nudes” 310% for “thirst trap”.
  • Hundreds of thousands of men decided practice makes perfect, with searches for “how to last longer” growing 125% year on year in May.
  • Searches for Sildenafil reviews - the generic Viagra substitute grew by 84% year on year and even during lockdown searches for Viagra increased by 23% from last year.

  • Thousands were asking questions like “How to masturbate?” - up 83% year on year, “How to have sex?” - up 50% from last year and “How to kiss a girl?” - up 50% year on year.

Key City Specific Insights

  • The largest UK cities showed a significant increase in demand for "virtual dating", with search volume increasing by over 1000% year on year in May, in Birmingham, followed by London, Leeds & Bradford and Glasgow, whose demand all increased by over 600%.
  • Liverpool had little imagination on the whole, as search demand for "pornhub" grew by over 82% YoY during May 2020.
  • Men prepared for a long and boring lock with searches for "male sex toys" growing 83% nationally YoY, with significant demand growth in Liverpool, Sheffield and Newcastle (+128%, +141% & +180%).
  • Whilst national interest in ways to “last longer” more than doubled, Interest change was greatest in Liverpool and Leeds and Bradford where demand was +200% and +180%.
  • Whilst national demand for keeping oneself entertained grew overall, Liverpool and Sheffield saw the biggest change, leading the way with searches for "sex toys" growing 190% and 120%.

For full study data and information, please visit our contact us page and send us a note.

Please note that the volumes were correct at time of writing and sourced from Google Adwords (UK).

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