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Fact or Myth: Does Underwear Really Impact Sexual Health?

Posted Sunday 18 August 2019 15:28 by in Erectile Dysfunction by Johanna Galyen

sperm health

Infertility is most often thought of as a curse upon women; but as more studies are done, it is being found that men are struggling too.

One study estimates that nearly 72.4 million couples globally experience fertility problems.” Of these cases, “approximately 40–50% are due to “male factor” infertility and as many as 2% of all men will exhibit suboptimal sperm parameters.

One of the ways men struggle with infertility is caused by excessive heat. But it’s not just the heat of summer that affects men; scientists are starting to look at the myths and fabled wives’ tales surrounding the question of underwear – and whether choosing a specific type of underwear would help men improve their sexual health.

What is the Big Deal?

For a healthy and fertile male, there isn’t an issue. He can wear whichever one he would like. Unfortunately, for those who are struggling with fertility, the debate between boxers or briefs is not just an issue of comfort or support, but it is a specific concern for the health of their sperm.

Oxford Academic published a study looking at 656 men who were complaining of infertility. They found that “overall, more than 50 percent of the men said they usually wore boxers. These men had a 25 percent "higher sperm concentration," a 17 percent higher total sperm count, and 33 percent more swimming sperm than men who said they didn't usually wear boxers.”

Importantly, the greatest statistical difference in sperm quality was found between men who wore boxer shorts and men who wore jockeys or briefs.

In men, sperm are made within the testes. The testes, located within the scrotal sack, are located outside of the body — specifically away from the core heat of the body. Celia E. Dominguez, reproductive endocrinologist, Center for Reproductive Medicine at the Emory University School of Medicine says, “In order for testes to produce sufficient quality and quantity of sperm, the temperature of testes must be lower than the core body temperature.”

Another issue is the sperm’s life cycle. The body is continuously making sperm, and each sperm lives around 10-11 weeks inside the testes. If they get too hot and become damaged in the early growth cycle, they will still remain damaged the length of their life. This means that a man cannot just switch to boxers when he wants to father a child; he must protect the sperm all the time.

The Way to Keep Cool

The main goal is to keep the testes cool, and they need to be away from the core heat of the body. The best underwear choice is the loose, boxer-style underwear. This allows more air to flow into the crotch area, which in turn, keeps the area cooler. Note: Some men like the boxer-brief style. This style of underwear is typically not loose enough for most men. Your underwear should allow the scrotal sack to hang freely. Of course, there are times when men would prefer there to be less testicular movement – when playing sport, for instance – but there should always be ample time made for hanging around, so to speak.

It’s not just underwear that is an issue; tight (or heavy) clothing or an occupation that requires a man to sit for long periods of time can create havoc for the sperm. Don’t dismiss the idea of tight clothing — we’re not just talking about workout gear or riding a bike too much. The wrong clothing can be in the form of dress slacks or even heavy pants that construction workers wear. While you can’t go to work naked, try to dress in looser and lighter clothing that will keep you cooler.

Lastly, avoid sitting in hot water. Summertime may not be as tempting for the extended use of a hot tub, but in the cooler months, a long soak in a hot tub or a hot baths will raise the core temperature of the testes and possibly damage the sperm.

Conclusion

For some men, it can be a fashion choice. But for those who are struggling with infertility, your underwear does have an impact on your sexual health. So remember, anything that makes or keeps the scrotal area too hot, can harm the viability of your sperm. As you keep cool during these hot summer months, remember to keep your sperm cool too.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4691969/

https://academic.oup.com/humrep/article-abstract/33/9/1749/5066758?

https://www.webmd.com/infertility-and-reproduction/features/boxers-vs-briefs-increasing-sperm-count

https://www.healthline.com/health/mens-health/how-long-does-it-take-for-sperm-to-regenerate#takeaway

Tags: Men's Health Sexual Health

Food for Thought: How Diet Impacts Erectile Dysfunction

Posted Wednesday 24 July 2019 19:38 by in Erectile Dysfunction by Tim Deakin

diet and erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is a common sexual health problem, especially in men over 40. It’s simply defined by a chronic issue with achieving and maintaining an erection throughout sexual activity.[1]

Erectile problems are something most men will experience occasionally, whether due to worry, tiredness or relationship problems, but for some men the condition won’t go away.

We’re going to take a closer look at the relationship between diet and erectile dysfunction, exploring whether what you eat could make a difference to your symptoms.

What you drink matters more than what you eat

While food can have a part to play in erectile dysfunction, the clearest connection can be found between erectile dysfunction and what you drink. Or, more specifically, erectile dysfunction and alcohol.

Drinking excess amounts of alcohol has been shown to impact sexual health in many ways. For women, this might take the form of reduced lubrication or fewer orgasms, while for men it primarily increases the likelihood of erectile dysfunction.[2]

One 2007 study found that 61% of alcohol-dependent participants involved in the research reported sexual dysfunction, the most common form of which was erectile dysfunction, followed by a reduced sexual desire. In many patients, these two symptoms coexisted.[3]

Excess weight can affect your sexual health

What you eat can also play a part in erectile dysfunction, namely by looking at your diet overall. An unhealthy diet increases your risk of carrying excess weight, leading to conditions like obesity. This can make erectile dysfunction more likely.

A study from 2014 found that almost four out of five (79%) of men with erectile dysfunction possess a BMI of 25kg/m2 or greater. They also concluded that obesity leads to erectile dysfunction to a considerably greater extent than ageing.[4]

Erectile dysfunction is far more common in overweight and obese men than in healthy weight men. In fact, figures show that carrying excess weight can increase your chances of erectile dysfunction by between 30 and 90%.[5]

Can food help?

Although there is little scientific evidence to suggest that certain foods hold the power to alleviate and worsen symptoms of erectile dysfunction, the healthiness of your diet overall can definitely play a part.

Changing your dietary habits to be healthier, helping you lose excess weight, can help to improve symptoms of erectile dysfunction. In one Massachusetts study, eating a diet rich in fruit, vegetables, fish and whole grains decreased the likelihood of erectile dysfunction appearing.[6]

One Italian study also found that men with erectile dysfunction who had a diet and exercise program included in their treatment were far more likely to see improvements in their symptoms. After two years, 30% of men in the diet and exercise group had corrected their erectile dysfunction, compared to just 6% in the other group.[7]

Medication is also key to successfully treating erectile dysfunction. Treatments like Viagra and Sildenafil are not only quick and easy to consume, but they’ve also been shown in clinical trials to improve blood flow to the penis, relieving symptoms of erectile dysfunction.[8]

Discover a range of safe and effective erectile dysfunction medication right here at Express Pharmacy. And if you have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact one of our pharmacists by calling 0208 123 07 03 or by using our discreet Live Chat service.

[1] NHS UK. Erectile dysfunction (impotence). 2017

[2] Drink Aware. Is alcohol ruining your sex life? 2016

[3] Arackal, B.S., Benegal, V. Prevalence of sexual dysfunction in male subjects with alcohol dependence. Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 2007

[4] Skrypnik, D. Obesity — significant risk factor for erectile dysfunction in men. 2014

[5] Bupa. Male Obesity and Erectile Dysfunction. 2011.

[6] Healthbeat. 5 natural ways to overcome erectile dysfunction. Harvard Health Publishing. 2016

[7] Harvard Men’s Health Watch. Obesity: Unhealthy and unmanly. Harvard Health Publishing. 2011

[8] Moore, RA., Edwards, JE., McQuay, HJ. Sildenafil (Viagra) for male erectile dysfunction: a meta-analysis of clinical trial reports. BioMed Central. 2002.

Tags: Sildenafil Viagra Erectile Dysfunction Sexual Health

Does Low Testosterone Impact Erectile Dysfunction?

Posted Monday 01 July 2019 23:20 by in Erectile Dysfunction by Tim Deakin

Erectile dysfunction, otherwise known as impotence or ED, is more common than most men realise, and is characterised by the inability to reach or maintain an erection during sexual activity.[1]

Because many men don’t like to talk about erectile problems such as ED, there is a lot of misinformation out there about the condition. One of the most common theories is that ED is directly caused by low levels of testosterone.

But although ED can sometimes be linked to testosterone, it’s actually unlikely that low levels of the hormone are causing your symptoms.

There are many things that can cause ED

Unfortunately, it can often be difficult to underline a single factor causing ED symptoms, as the condition itself is quite complex. Therefore, saying that low levels of testosterone always lead to ED simply isn’t true.

In fact, studies have shown that men with both ED and low testosterone don’t necessarily see any improvement in their ED when their testosterone levels are treated.[2]

ED can occasionally be related to testosterone, but it is actually almost always caused by low blood flow to the penis, as an erection occurs when there is increased blood flow due to sexual arousal. This difficulty with blood flow can be linked to a range of wider issues, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol or hardening of the arteries.[3]

ED can also occur as a result of mental health concerns, such as depression, anxiety and relationship problems. In these instances, taking things slowly, talking things through with your partner and seeking treatment and guidance on your wider health concerns can help to alleviate symptoms.[4]

The relationship between low testosterone and ED

There is no doubt that male sexual wellbeing and testosterone are closely linked, but the relationships between testosterone and ED is complex.

Many men who suffer from erectile problems have perfectly normal testosterone levels. As such, testosterone often isn’t considered as a suitable treatment unless certain other symptoms are also present, such as low libido and fatigue.[5]

Age is a factor in both ED and testosterone levels. The chances of developing ED increase as a man ages, and likewise male testosterone levels naturally decline by around 1-2% per year as he ages. But despite these occurring simultaneous, there is no proof that one causes the other.[6]

Treating ED

Prior to the release of medication like Viagra, many men’s go-to treatment for ED was Testosterone Replacement Therapy. But TRT can be extremely costly and carries with it many risks, including an increased risk of cardiovascular problems. On top of all this, in most cases of ED it is unlikely to help relieve symptoms[7], as low testosterone is rarely the cause of the condition.

Treatments like Viagra and Sildenafil are easily obtained and quick to consume, coming in the form of an oral tablet. Through clinical trials, they have been proven to be effective in improving blood flow to the penis and therefore making reaching and sustaining an erection much easier.[8]

Don’t be afraid to open up about ED. Finding the right treatment for your symptoms can open you up to a healthy, happier and more satisfying sex life.

Find many of the most popular erectile dysfunction treatments like Sildenafil, Viagra and Spedra right here at Express Pharmacy. If you have any questions, contact our pharmacists today by calling 0208 123 07 03 or by using our discreet online Live Chat service.

[1] NHS UK. Erectile dysfunction (impotence). 2017

[2] Rajfer, J. Relationship Between Testosterone and Erectile Dysfunction. Reviews in Urology. 2000

[3] American Urological Association. Testosterone for Erection Problems. 2018.

[4] Thomas, L. Healing Erectile Dysfunction. Psychology Today. 2010.

[5] Pendick, D. A logical approach to treating erectile dysfunction. Harvard Health Publishing. 2012.

[6] Advanced Urological Care. Erectile Dysfunction. 2019.

[7] American Urological Association. Testosterone for Erection Problems. 2018.

[8] Moore, RA., Edwards, JE., McQuay, HJ. Sildenafil (Viagra) for male erectile dysfunction: a meta-analysis of clinical trial reports. BioMed Central. 2002.


Your Guide to Understanding Erectile Dysfunction

Posted Wednesday 17 April 2019 15:00 by in Erectile Dysfunction by Johanna Galyen

“Almost all men have [Erectile Dysfunction] at some point. It’s how they deal with it that counts.” says Mark L. Held, PhD, a clinical psychologist.

While Erectile Dysfunction (ED) solely affects men, it is both women and men who are impacted by this condition. It is rarely the man who seeks help for this condition alone, but it most frequently the woman who encourages the man to seek out help for this condition. The knowledge and understanding of ED can make all the difference in your relationship – and perhaps be the key to enabling genuine sexual chemistry to prevail.

What is Erectile Dysfunction?

As silly as this question may be, this is not a laughing matter. It is a very important question because while it may seem that everyone knows what erectile dysfunction is, it is always important to clarify the terms. Erectile Dysfunction, according to the Urology Care Foundation, is “trouble getting or keeping an erection that's firm enough for sex.”

For a man to perform the act of sexual intercourse, the penis must become very firm and erect. To become erect, the penis needs sexual arousal to produce chemical and biological changes. Dr. Burnett, professor of urology at Johns Hopkins Medicine, says the “release of the chemical nitric oxide, a neurotransmitter that is produced in nerve tissue, triggers an erection by relaxing muscles that allow blood to fill the penis.” This allows the penis to become hard and rise up, which is called an erection. This erection lasts until the sexual arousal dies down or a man ejaculates and the trapped blood slowly returns to the rest of the body.

For a man struggling with ED, the penis does not become engorged with blood and neither does it become erect in position. This may happen occasionally to some men and they are able to resolve it in a few moments, and others are not able to have an erection at all.

What Causes Erectile Dysfunction?

There are a number of stigmas and misconceptions attached to erectile dysfunction. For example, you may have heard that impotence is purely a sign of a man's age or that it is related to a man's lack of sexual prowess; perhaps you've read somewhere it is due to a porn addiction or that it is caused by a lack of attraction. Some may say that it is caused by medications, and others blame poor diets and a lack of exercise. The cause and reality of ED is much more complex than one simple answer.

Medical Conditions

The Mayo Clinic lists 16 possible medical causes of ED in men. Here they are:

  • Heart disease
  • Clogged blood vessels (atherosclerosis)
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Metabolic syndrome – a condition involving increased blood pressure, high insulin levels, body fat around the waist and high cholesterol
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Certain prescription medications
  • Tobacco use
  • Alcoholism and other forms of substance abuse
  • Sleep disorders
  • Treatments for prostate cancer or enlarged prostate
  • Surgeries or injuries that affect the pelvic area or spinal cord

So as you can see from the above list, there are many possible causes. But go back to the list, and pause for a few moments. How many of these can actually be seen by your eyes? Sure, as a woman, you may see that your man has gained some weight, or that he uses tobacco or alcoholic beverages. And for sure, you would probably know if he is in the later stages of Parkinson’s Disease or Multiple Sclerosis – but the early stages may not present with traditional symptoms.

High blood pressure and high cholesterol have very few recognizable traits. Type II Diabetes is rarely recognized in its early stages, and is only found if other problems are seen or if a General Practitioner (GP) performs a physical. Medications come with a very long list of side effects, and most people do not read the entire lists, and ED may be a side effect. The point here is this: the medical causes of ED are often hidden in men.

Psychological Causes

Sexual intimacy requires a man to mentally present to the situation. The mental stimulation is vital for the body to respond with the right chemical responses. There must be some kind of incitement in the man’s mind before the penis changes into a full erection. A man’s mind will not be fully present if he is struggling from depression or anxiety.

Depression is a confusing condition when combined with ED. Men who are already struggling with symptoms of sadness, low self-esteem, hopelessness may begin to have erection difficulties as a result of their depression. On the opposite side, men who already have ED, may start to show symptoms of depression because they are unable to sexually perform. Unfortunately, either way you look at depression as the cause of erectile difficulty or a side effect of depression.

Anxiety is similar to depression in that it can be a causing factor or a side effect. However, anxiety around intimacy can begin to be a greater issue. In depression, the man may have a reduced desire to be physically intimate. Anxiety can quickly turn into performance anxiety where sex becomes something to be feared or dreaded.

Past sexual problems or abuse can also interfere with obtaining an erection in men. Sometimes the problems may have occurred many years ago, but over time the memories start to resurface. A triggering event (such as a comment, a certain smell, a similar situation, or visiting friends) can cause a man to remember something that he had forgotten for a while and instead of being able to be intimate, his mind is focused on the event. These triggering events can come from trauma.

However, traumatic events do not have to relate to serious past traumas, sexual or otherwise, and they may simply relate to painful arguments or recent stresses in life that the man is dealing with at that moment. Traumatic events can be something as little as a painful argument or an inappropriate touch from years ago.

Lifestyle Causes

Stress is one of the worst causes of erectile difficulties in men. If a man is overly stressed with work, family life, finances, or health concerns – he will be less inclined and able to perform sexually. We know that we all face increasing amounts of stress each day, and while we wish that there was a turn-off switch in our minds to be intimate, men don’t have that ability anymore than most women.

The impact of pornography in a sexual relationships is one that scientists are trying to establish and many studies seems to contradict each other. In one Italian study of 28,000 men, it was found that “Men are suffering from 'sexual anorexia' and are unable to get erections because of Internet porn use that started in their mid-teens”. On the other side, Nicole Prause, PhD, a sexual psychophysiologist and licenced psychologist at the Sexual Psychophysiology and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory states that “In one case, the study found stronger sexual arousal in men who reported viewing more sex films at home.” The men who did had erectile dysfunction were “those whose personal values contradict with viewing sex films may be experiencing general shame around sex that also influences their erectile functioning.”

What scientist do know about pornography viewing and men is this: pornography usage can stimulate a man’s appetite for vivid sex, and it can be difficult to be aroused if not exposed to that same level of stimuli with a partner.

What Treatments are Available?

Self Care

Like most conditions, the first step in treating a problem is to ensure that you are in the best health possible. Here are some excellent ways to improve your health:

Non-Medical Helps

Acupuncture and natural supplements have been found to be helpful for some men. Supplements such as L-arginine, Propionyl-L-carnitine, Yohimbe, Red Ginseng, and Maca have been studied by scientists, and while some are more beneficial than others, they should only be taken with the proper permission. L-arginine, according to the Mayo Clinic, can interfere with Viagra and should never be taken together. Supplements, like all medications, can have interactions and negative side effects such as diarrhea, acne, stomach pain, increased anxiety, and an irregular heartbeat.

Other non-medical helps that a man might use would be a penis ring or a vacuum pump to enhance penile size. Both of these can assist in increasing the blood supply to the penis and allowing it to become engorged with blood to become erect.

Medications

Available by prescription only, there are specific medications that can help create an erection for a man.

Viagra / Sildenafil: The most popular of all erectile medications is Viagra. It is also available in its generic form Sildenafil. The generic form is cheaper, but they both work to increase blood flow to the penis.

Benefits: Improve the man’s ability to get and maintain an erection; this medication works in approximately 60 minutes and can last for 4 hours.

Cons: Does not enhance sexual arousal. Medication has to be taken prior to planned intimacy. Excessive alcohol mixed with this medication headaches, dizziness, or an unsafe drop in blood pressure. Possible side effects are headache, dizziness, upset stomach (nausea), back pain, and muscle pain.

Spedra / Avanafil: If you are wanting a quick medication for impromptu intimacy, then speak to your GP about this medicine. Avanafil is similar to Sildenafil; they both work the same way to increase blood supply to the penis, but this medication works much faster.

Benefits: Body can absorb this medicine in as little as 15 minutes. The medicine lasts up to 5 hours.

Cons: A large meal can slow down absorption. The penis will not harden without sexual intimacy; this medicine must be used in tandem with intimacy.

Levitra / Vardenafil: Like Viagra, this medicine helps men achieve an erection.

Benefits: Works faster than Viagra, and often has fewer side effects. It is also considered safer for men who have diabetes, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol. The medicine also has a shorter half-life, which means the body is able to remove the medicine faster.

Cons: The shorter half-life means it does not work as long as Viagra

Cialis / Tadalafil (as needed): This medicine works just like Viagra and Spedra, but it has the ability to last much longer in the man’s body.

Benefits: Can be taken up to 36 hours prior to intimacy. This medicine has been approved for men who suffer with high blood pressure.

Cons: Similar to Viagra

Cialis / Tadalafil (every day): While this medicine is almost identical to Cialis (as needed), it is a much smaller daily dose. This daily dose allows the man to be sexually active without the need to remember to pre-dose on medication prior to intimacy.

Vitaros / Alprostadil: Is the only approved medication that is not a pill, but it is a cream that is applied to the penis. The medication permeates the skin of the penis and relaxes the blood vessels just like the other medications work.

Benefits: Works in as little as five minutes, and not have to taken orally

Cons: The medicine needs to be stored in a refrigerator, and can lose potency if kept in a warm place for more than a few days. Additionally, the cream may be irritating to your partner; a latex condom should be placed over the penis and cream to protect them from the irritation.

What is the Psychological Impact of ED?

Anybody who believes that the way to a man's heart is through his stomach flunked geography. Robert Byrne

The impact on men

If I as a writer and a registered nurse had one wish, it would be this: slow down and read this section very carefully. Erection difficulty is not a problem that can be fixed by one call to the GP or one visit to a therapist. The answer could be as simple as your partner purchasing new lingerie, a fancy date night, or a prescription, but that often does not address the whole issue. ED is not merely a penis problem. Here’s why:

  • Men identify with their penis much like women identify with their breasts.
  • The penis (specifically the size) is a symbol of manhood.
  • The level of perceived success in the bedroom equals the level of self esteem for a man.
  • It’s embarrassing for a man to not be able be sexually intimate on demand.
  • A man may feel less-than, humiliated, and painfully vulnerable in his life when he struggles to obtain an erection.
  • It can make a man “fear that their breakdown in penile functioning will result in their being unwanted by a partner and their resulting fears of loneliness, isolation, and impotence.” (Morris Psychological)

Some men, due to the above issues, could eventually obtain an erection with help – but would that be good enough? Would they be able to accept an erection with help? For some men, the answer is no. Obtaining an almost-normal erection will not deal with the “underlying existential anguish” that Dr. Daniel Watter, Board Certified Sex Therapist, addresses. In simple terms? The erection is just a symptom of a greater problem in a relationship. If a man does not feel safe, connected, loved, empowered, and free to express himself in a true way, he will not change if he can get an erection momentarily with help.

The impact on relationships

The impact of feeling connected in a relationship versus feeling isolated must be acknowledged. Men want to feel connected and important in a relationship in many of the same ways that women do, and if they do not feel connected, isolation can start to come into the relationship. If the man feels isolated, the relationship quickly begins to suffer.

Women are also affected by erectile dysfunction in a relationship, and it’s not solely because their partner is unable to get an erection. Andrew McCullough, MD, director of sexual health and male infertility at NYU Medical Center says that women “think when a man can't get an erection is that it's her fault, and nothing could be further from the truth." After blaming herself, the woman often begins to wonder if the man is cheating within the relationship or (even worse) thinking that he does not find her sexually appealing anymore. Before too long, arguments begin to develop all based on erroneous thoughts when none of it may be true.

So You’ve Got the RX, But Now What?

Understand the treatments limitations

A prescription for medication is just one of many possible treatments for Erectile Dysfunction. As you can see from the above lists, there are many options available and each of them have varying benefits and side effects. The medications are not the only answer, they are merely a tool in a toolbox to assist a man to be intimate. They will not create or produce intimacy within a relationship – that part is up to you and your partner.

Focus on romance and lovemaking versus intercourse

Focusing on romance does not mean that the partner should just stroke the man harder or pull out more lingerie. When the spotlight is merely on traditional penis-in-the-vagina intercourse, it puts a lot of pressure on the man to perform. ”There are lots of different ways to be sexual, and if one way becomes difficult or even impossible, you have to explore, together, the things you can do with each other than are sexually exciting," says Jennifer Downey, MD, a psychiatrist at New York State Psychiatric Institute suggests.

Keep communicating

The morning after the first erectile difficulty is not the best time, nor is everyday after it happens. “The best thing to do is to discuss things outside of the bedroom – not right after it happens, but days or even weeks later," Dr Downey suggests. She further encourages the woman to speak about it like other medical issues, and not make the concern bigger and more difficult. Some men may feel more comfortable if the woman attends the doctor’s appointment, and others prefer to by themselves — whichever they choose, it is always good to offer support and encouragement.

Identify stressors that may be causing ED

One of the ways Medical News Today recommends to stop the cycle of performance anxiety, is to “identify what stressor or worry influenced the symptoms of ED. The cause may be simple, such as an upcoming project at work or planning a family trip.” When you are able to shift “the focus to the cause, rather than the symptoms, may help a person reduce the pressure to perform well every time, especially during times of increased stress.”

Consider therapeutic counselling

It’s understandable that you may feel awkward going and talking to a therapist for sexual difficulties, but trained therapist can help you overcome the “underlying emotional and psychological troubles that may be causing ED.” says Everyday Health. Just knowing what happens in therapy can help relieve some stress. Quality therapy happens in a real office with nicely appointed chairs; there is no sexual contact nor does the client get undressed. Some offices may offer teletherapy using video conferencing so you do not have to leave your phone. If you choose to do this therapy, just make sure they are a qualified, licensed therapist.

Most therapist begin the discussion by asking general questions such as ones about your health, education around sex, and what brought you to the office. Based off of these answers, a treatment plan can be created. One of the unique benefits of therapy is communication strategies, as the International Society for Sexual Health points out. In a session “clients may practice asking for what they want or need sexually or emotionally in a relationship,” and this is crucial because most couples do not know how to ask for intimacy, they just try to do it like they seen on television.

Remember this: real life intimacy requires good communication and learning what the other partner's wants and needs for intimacy to be meaningful.


The Science Behind Erectile Dysfunction

Posted Friday 23 November 2018 15:01 by in Erectile Dysfunction by Tim Deakin

Despite being one of the most common sexual health concerns for men, many people remain in the dark about what actually causes erectile dysfunction

With the holiday season fast approaching, many men are facing the reality of another festive period with erectile dysfunction. This can put a serious dampener on celebrations, and cause men to lose confidence and feel alone.

Yet, it is important to state that impotence is a widespread problem that can affect many men at some point in their life. One study from the Co-Op Pharmacy found that impotence affects 4.3 million men in the UK, the equivalent of one in five British men. But for such a common condition, many men are still unsure about what is actually at the root of their erectile problems. Understanding the condition is the first step to treating it effectively, which is why we’re here to clarify the science behind erectile dysfunction. Let’s take a look.

What causes erectile dysfunction?

An erection occurs when blood fills the penile chambers. This causes the penis to become enlarged and firm. However, in order to this to happen, a complex series of processes need to take place. An erection requires the release of a chemical called cGMP. This relaxes the blood vessels in the penis and makes it easier for blood to enter the penis and cause an erection.

When orgasm occurs and blood begins to drain from the area, an enzyme called PDE-5 is released to break down the cGMP chemical. However, in some men the PDE-5 enzyme is too active, stopping cGMP from widening the blood vessels before orgasm occurs. This makes it harder for men to reach and sustain a state of erection. This lies at the root of erectile dysfunction.

How does treatment work?

Once you understand the science behind the causes of erectile dysfunction, it becomes easier to understand how effective medication can work to treat the condition. Erectile dysfunction treatments broadly fall under the category of PDE-5 inhibitors. As the name suggests, these treatments inhibit the activity of the PDE-5 enzyme and subdue it, allowing the cGMP chemical to do its job properly. This intervention stops the blood vessels in the penis from contracting and makes it significantly easier to achieve and maintain an erection.

Popular PDE-5 inhibitors include treatments such as Sildenafil, Spedra, Levitra and, of course, Viagra.

Erectile dysfunction and mental health

While the bodily processes behind erectile dysfunction are largely physical, your mental health can play a huge part in increasing your symptoms.

Anxiety and depression can be significant factors in causing erectile dysfunction, and in some cases treating these wider conditions is necessary in order to improve your erectile issues. For most people, erectile dysfunction is the result of a vicious cycle between mental and physical health. Most erectile dysfunction is caused by physical factors, but when it occurs it can significantly increase feelings of performance anxiety, depression and anxiety in general. This can serve to make the condition even worse.

Treating the mental health aspects of erectile dysfunction can consist of something as simple as talking to your partner. Working together to make the bedroom a relaxing, inviting space rather than a pressurised one can be hugely important. Sexual health therapy or couples therapy can also be beneficial.

Certain physical health concerns can also increase your likelihood of suffering from erectile dysfunction, including diabetes. Poor lifestyle choices such as a bad diet, heavy drinking and smoking can also play a part in the condition.

This winter, don’t let erectile dysfunction stop you getting cosy in the bedroom. Explore the range of effective erectile dysfunction medications available from Express Pharmacy. For further guidance and support, get in touch with our team today using our discreet live chat service.