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Everything You Need to Know About Fungal Infections

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Fungal infections are incredibly common; it is estimated that around a billion people will suffer from some form of nail, hair, or skin fungal infection in their lives. That equates to around one in every six people!

Fungi usually seek to attack moist areas of the body, or areas that do not get enough air, meaning it’s no surprise to see just how common fungal infections are. If you suspect that you are suffering from a fungal infection, or you are curious to find out more, this article dives deeper to further help with understanding what exactly a fungal infection is; including the causes, symptoms, types of fungal infections, and treatment.

What Is a Fungal Infection?

When fungi invade the human body, the immune system is on hand to battle it, and when this is the case, there’s nothing to worry about. But a fungal infection comes about when fungi ‘burrow’ their way into a human and overwhelm the immune system.

What Causes a Fungal Infection?

There are many causes of a fungal infection, and these will differ depending on the individual. Most commonly, fungal infections start through inhaling the fungal spores in the air or having them land on an area of your body.

In terms of nail fungal infections, these are commonly caused by a fungus called dermatophyte, but can also be caused by moulds and yeast.

Symptoms Of a Fungal Infection

There are many different types of fungal infections, all with varying symptoms. There are some common symptoms, though, and below we’ll look at a couple of the trademark fungal infection symptoms that you may be dealing with:

  • Unreasonable itching
  • Red spots on the skin which may begin to crack or peel

If you have one of the above symptoms, you might be dealing with a fungal infection.

Types Of Fungal Infections

Let’s get into the specifics of fungal infections and the ones that most people deal with.

Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot is sometimes called Tinea Pedis, and it generally occurs when people confine themselves to sweaty shoes with little to no ventilation. No one is immune from athlete’s foot, and it can get awful when the summer months roll around, and the air is humid. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Irritation of the affected area
  • Peeling skin around the affected area
  • Itching
  • Blisters

So, what do you do when you have athlete’s foot or better still, how do you prevent yourself from it? If you already have it or are worried that you are infected, you can see a doctor who will scrape off the infected area and observe it under a microscope. Sometimes, it might not even be a fungal infection at all.

If it is confirmed that you have athlete’s foot, there are various ointments, sprays, and powders that you can use. You might also require some drugs, and apart from that, it is advised that you should take care of your foot and keep it dry at all times.


Ringworm is an infection that can affect human skin. It should be noted that it is not caused by a worm, but rather a fungus. It creates a lesion that, when seen on the skin, looks like a ring; this is the inspiration for the name. It’s not a surprise that of all fungal infections, Ringworm is the easiest to identify due to its signature appearance on the skin.

Other symptoms to look out for when dealing with Ringworm include patchy and scaly skin. The condition is contagious, and those who have it need to be very careful around other people until treated.

So, how do you battle Ringworm? Again, a trip to the doctor is necessary, and they will inspect a skin sample to determine the severity of the situation. You can treat Ringworm with ointments and creams, but if you are dealing with a severe case or you’re dealing with Ringworm on the scalp, prescription medication might be necessary. As for prevention, general hygiene is usually sufficient to treat it.

Yeast Infection

Yeast infections are more common amongst women and usually occur in and around the vagina.

A vaginal yeast infection is caused by Candida fungi, which sets off on a mission to disturb the delicate yeast/bacteria balance in the vagina. It can be caused by stress, unhealthy eating habits, antibiotics, and much more. Symptoms include:

  • Painful intercourse
  • Swelling around the area of the vagina
  • Watery or uncommon discharge

Yeast infections are easy to diagnose, and in mild cases, easy to treat. Over the counter prescription drugs are usually good enough and in more severe cases, your doctor might need to opt for more complex measures. However, prevention is better than cure and preventing this type of yeast infection starts with a balanced and healthy diet. Personal hygiene also doesn’t hurt, and even wearing more loose-fitting clothes helps tremendously.

Fungal Nail Infection

As the name implies, fungal nail infections generally occur in, or under, the nails. They are often caused by an overgrowth of fungi already present on the skin. They can be passed from person to person and can even be contracted from something as simple as having a manicure or pedicure.

People with diabetes, nail injuries, or weakened immune systems are more prone to fungal nail infections than others. Treatment usually constitutes oral medication prescribed by pharmacies. You can also employ the use of antifungal nail cream to battle the infection.

How Can I Treat a Fungal Infection?

Fast and effective antifungal treatment is available to purchase online at Express Pharmacy. One of such means is Curanail; our best-seller for battling nail infections. Curanail is a nail lacquer that contains amorolfine, which is an active agent necessary to cure infections. Additionally, the easy application makes it appealing to many people as it can be used like a simple nail varnish.


Fungal infections are a pain to deal with, however, are incredibly easy to treat. With numerous antifungal treatments and remedies available, you can easily deal with an infection if contracted.

For more information regarding effective fungal infection treatment, get in touch with us today on 0208 123 0703 or browse or our antifungal treatments.