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The Uses and Sides Effects of Acetazolamide

Reviewed by
Date published
24/11/2020
Date last updated
25/11/2020
Length of read
3 Minutes

If you are wondering what the uses and side effects of Acetazolamide are, you’ve come to the right place.

Uses of Acetazolamide

Acetazolamide is a drug commonly used to treat altitude sickness. It has proven effective in reducing tiredness, dizziness, shortness of breath, headache, and nausea when you fly or climb mountains at a fast rate. Click here if you want to learn more about the causes of altitude sickness.

Aside from treating altitude sickness symptoms, Acetazolamide is also used to treat certain types of glaucoma. It works by decreasing fluid production in the eyes, relieving pressure.

Acetazolamide is also used to help limit the buildup of body fluids following a heart failure and is used in the treatment of certain seizures.

What are the side effects of Acetazolamide?

Like all medications, taking Acetazolamide also comes with associated risks of developing unpleasant side effects. Some of the common side effects of Acetazolamide include:

  • Increased urination
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness

These side effects of Acetazolamide are common in the first few days as your body learns to adapt to the medication.

Other common side effects of this drug are:

  • Drowsiness
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Changes in taste
  • Diarrhoea

While most of these side effects are mild and would often go away as soon as you stop taking Acetazolamide, don’t hesitate to contact your doctor right away if they worsen.

If you develop any of the serious side effects of Acetazolamide listed below, stop taking the medication and contact your doctor right away.

  • Ringing in the ears
  • Hearing loss
  • Easy bleeding or bruising
  • Tingling in the hands and feet
  • Muscle pain
  • Mood changes
  • Changes in your mental state
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Irregular/elevated heartbeat
  • Stomach pain
  • Yellowing of skin
  • Dark urine
  • Sore throat and other signs of infection

Allergic reactions to Acetazolamide are rare but seek medical help right away if you develop a rash, itching, swelling in the face, throat, or tongue, troubled breathing, or severe dizziness.

How to use Acetazolamide

Acetazolamide tablets are usually taken by mouth 1 to 4 times a day. Long-acting Acetazolamide capsules are usually taken up to twice daily. Swallow long-acting capsules as whole. Avoid breaking or chewing the capsules as these may interfere with the delayed-release mechanism of the medication --- increasing your risks of developing unwanted side effects.

You can take these altitude sickness tablets with or without food. Unless instructed by your GP to do otherwise, drink plenty of fluid right after.

For treating altitude sickness, start taking Acetazolamide one or two days before you climb or fly. Continue taking the medication two days after you’ve reached your final altitude. Climb down as soon as possible if you’ve developed severe altitude sickness.

Do not increase your dose or take Acetazolamide longer than prescribed. Doing so will increase your risks of developing side effects and it will not make your condition any better.

It is highly recommended to eat foods that are rich in potassium (e.g. bananas) as Acetazolamide may reduce the levels of potassium in your blood.

Where to buy Acetazolamide

Acetazolamide is an effective medication against altitude sickness. You can buy Acetazolamide from Express Pharmacy. Order today and we’ll get it delivered to your doorstep discreetly.